Dear Deeply Readers,

Welcome to the archives of Syria Deeply. While we paused regular publication of the site on May 15, 2018, and transitioned some of our coverage to Peacebuilding Deeply, we are happy to serve as an ongoing public resource on the Syrian conflict. We hope you’ll enjoy the reporting and analysis that was produced by our dedicated community of editors contributors.

We continue to produce events and special projects while we explore where the on-site journalism goes next. If you’d like to reach us with feedback or ideas for collaboration you can do so at [email protected].

Social Media Buzz: A Falling Pound, Social Media Shabiha

Millions of Syrians are using social media tools such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Skype to disseminate and discuss the conflict. Each week Syria Deeply monitors the online conversation in English and Arabic, pulling out the highlights in a feature called the Social Media Buzz.

Written by Mohammed Sergie Published on Read time Approx. 2 minutes

A major topic of conversation on <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”><a href=”″>social media this week</a></span> was the plummeting currency, which fell to 225 pounds to a U.S. dollar before settling at around 200, a sharp fall from 130 at the end of May and 47 in March 2011. There isn’t much that the Assad government can do to reverse the slide, and its decision to hike state employees’ salaries by 30 to 50 percent doesn’t give workers the same purchasing power they had last year – prices of most commodities increased at a faster rate than the devalued currency.

Somar Hatem, a pro-Assad media activist who also prepares reports for Hezbollah’s official TV channel, said on his Facebook page that the <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”><a href=”″>Syrian government’s ability to raise salaries indicates</a></span> it has control over the economy. Commentators on his page agreed that the move doesn’t solve inflation or civilian poverty, and that it was inherently biased against the majority of employees in the private sector who didn’t get a similar raise.


Syria’s official media channels have plucked a number of analysts from obscurity to defend the Assad regime over the past two years, providing a voice for the government and, more often than not, a platform for conspiracies and hate-filled rhetoric.

In 2011, Ali al-Shuaibi, a self-proclaimed sheik, described (in <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”><a href=””>vulgar detail) allegations of homosexual activity of Qatar’semir,</a></span> and said he has a recording of a sexual encounter between a Gulf sheik’s <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”><a href=””>wife with a Central Intelligence Agency spy</a></span>He’s now attracted large followings on Facebook and YouTube.

<div source=’picture’ id=’7153′ flow=’alignright’ />

As the conflict dragged on, similar new stars emerged on social media and were heavily promoted by traditional state media outlets, making household names of the most marginal of characters. In recent months, the search for new “talent” has spilled over Syria’s borders.

Ahmed Spider (right), an activist, singer, “conspiracy theorist” and television personality, is the newest, most famous such public defender of Bashar al-Assad’s regime. Spider, an Egyptian, took part in his country’s protest movement in 2011, and was able to land a job as a TV host there. On air, he expounded on conspiracies like claims that the U.S. was promoting terrorism through the Muslim Brotherhood in order to protect its ally, Israel.

Egyptians called into <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”>the show to mock and insult him</span>.

In the last year, Spider turned his attention to the Syrian conflict, and started defending the Assad regime against what he called the “cosmic conspiracy” (regime loyalists’ unofficial label for the uprising against the Syrian government). He took the stage in Cairo earlier this year during a protest against Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, and declared himself a <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”><a href=””>Shabiha for Assad, forever</a></span>, a chant that was repeated by some in the crowd.

It was a coming-out party: his fervor led Spider to an <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”><a href=””>80-minute live interview on Syrian TV</a></span>, followed by an invitation <span style=”text-decoration: underline;”><a href=”″>to lecture at Damascus University</a></span>, meeting with top officials in the government and military. In spring, Spider was taken on a tour of Homs and other battleground cities, including Qusayr, later overrun by Hezbollah and the Syrian army, and he received a uniform with an officer’s insignia.

His rapid rise to fame upset some pro-Assad commentators, who criticized the rash distribution of military ranks (below). On Facebook, users mocked his interview with a page from the Alawite neighborhood of Akrameh in Homs.

<img class=”aligncenter size-full wp-image-7154″ alt=”ahmad-spider-homs-interview” src=”” width=”997″ height=”239″ />

Suggest your story or issue.


Share Your Story.

Have a story idea? Interested in adding your voice to our growing community?

Learn more