Dear Deeply Readers,

Welcome to the archives of News Deeply’s Women & Girls Hub. While we paused regular publication of the site on January 22, 2018, and transitioned our coverage to Women’s Advancement Deeply, we are happy to serve as an ongoing public resource on the Arctic. We hope you’ll enjoy the reporting and analysis that was produced by our dedicated community of editors contributors.

We continue to produce events and special projects while we explore where the on-site journalism goes next. If you’d like to reach us with feedback or ideas for collaboration you can do so at [email protected].

The Rickshaw Ambulance That Saves Lives

In Madagascar, maternal mortality rates are high as 80 percent of the population lives in rural areas with poor access to health services. Robin Erinesy’s unique transport brings his community the care it needs – as shown in this photo essay by JSI.

Written by John Snow Inc. Published on Read time Approx. 2 minutes

A version of this photo essay was first published by John Snow Inc.

For 60-year-old Robin Erinesy of Antanambao, Morondava, in Madagascar, falling seriously ill with no way of getting to the nearest hospital was an agonizing experience. Hours passed before Robin’s family persuaded a passer-by on the road to drive them to hospital.

DDC Madagascar/JSI
DDC Madagascar/JSI

Several years later, when JSI introduced its MAHEFA program‘s emergency transport system to Robin’s community, he was eager to sign up and provide transport to community members in need.

“Knowing that I’m doing this for the good of those around me motivates me on a daily basis. I transport people with serious illnesses and also pregnant women who must travel to the basic health center for routine checkups or who are going into labor.”

Robin’s “cyclo-pousse” [rickshaw] ambulance provides an innovative solution for a landlocked population confronting mountainous and sandy terrain that makes it difficult for motor vehicles to travel in his part of the island.


Robin uses funds from his community’s “mutuelle de santé” [health insurance scheme], which pools resources to support the reimbursement of healthcare costs, ensuring that his cyclo-pousse is well maintained and runs smoothly. This enables a quick response if an emergency arises.

Although members of his community were at first reluctant to use the emergency transport system, Robin has won their trust by explaining its benefits.

“This is a completely new kind of transportation for this community. It has been important for me to gain people’s trust and help them understand how emergency transportation can save lives,” he said.

Inadequate access to transport is a major health risk for women and newborns in Madagascar; providing a way to get to a health clinic during labor could help reduce maternal deaths by up to 80 percent, JSI estimates.

DDC Madagascar/JSI
DDC Madagascar/JSI

Robin and his “cyclo-pousse” have provided the Bemanonga district’s integral form of emergency transport since 2013. To date, he has saved more than 70 people with life-threatening conditions across three communities.

DDC Madagascar/JSI
DDC Madagascar/JSI

The USAID-funded Madagascar Community-Based Integrated Health Project, known locally as MAHEFA, was a five-year health program to provide basic, quality healthcare to isolated populations in six north and northwestern regions of Madagascar. The program’s overarching goal: increase the use of proven, community-based interventions and essential products among underserved populations of Madagascar.

Suggest your story or issue.


Share Your Story.

Have a story idea? Interested in adding your voice to our growing community?

Learn more